Looking at the architectural form applied in the drawings of traditional West Java houses certainly has a unique design. Not only unique, but interesting to be used as a place to live by the community. Speaking of design, of course, the shape of the house has existed since ancient times as a relic.
The design of the house must have adapted from a certain architecture and then modified it to become a new thing. The uniqueness of the traditional house is certainly able to provide a classic touch for the residents in it. Until now, the shape of the house can still be adapted to enter the architecture of modern times completely.
However, do you know all the traditional houses located in the province? Because every tribe and region has characteristics, especially the traditional house of West Java, of course it can be favored as an identity. The pride of this kind of area can be used to provide a variety of flavors typical.
We want to discuss about the entire list in full to be used as a guideline for today’s society. If you are able to understand and preserve culture, surely the existence of hereditary traditions will never disappear. So, let’s follow the full discussion so as to add insight for all people to get to know the culture.
List of West Java Traditional House Names Complete
When knowing about the existence of dwellings that are ancestral relics, there are certainly various models of each region. There must be its own purpose and historical value related to the naming behind the shape of the house. In fact, it is not surprising if until now the existence of his house is very unique and still easy to find.
The west Java province area is very close and thick with community culture so it is still highly respected. Including the selection of west Java traditional house designs in rural areas, almost all still adhere to customary structures as dwellings. There are several names that are embedded into the residence according to a certain shape in West Java.
It consists of heuay rhinoceros, julang ngapak, kumureb boat, jolopong, and dog togog. Each name is identical to the term in animals and has its own meaning according to the design. You can recognize through pictures from traditional houses typical of West Java to make it easier to see the difference.
In addition to the five most popular types of West Java traditional houses , of course there are still other models that are quite old. Only in certain places if you want to find the type of house because the number is small. The residence in question has the name imah capit scissors, imah kasepuhan, and saung ranggon.
Among the community, of course, customs like this are still pursued as best as possible in the residential development phase. Especially in rural areas, you will find it easier to find all forms of houses according to the area. The reason is, some house names have a tendency to be found in certain areas according to their customs.
Traditional Shapes and Designs in Residences
After getting to know about the name of the traditional house of West Java, now is the time to understand the design in detail. This phase will provide a view for you when you want to understand the difference between each house name. The discussion this time will start from the existence of heuay rhinoceros imah which is still often found.
Knowing the shape of the heuay rhinoceros house turned out to be very simple because it was made of wood and bamboo. The selection of the basic materials of this building also means that the owner of the house is able to protect his family. Heuay types of badak include high occupancy because the foundation does not come into direct contact with the soil.
Continuing in julang ngapak, this residence has a fairly unique shape because it is shaped like a bird. In the picture, the julang ngapak bird is flying and flapping its wings with a V shape. For ornaments, use flat wood for various angles and designed to have feet on the foundation.
The next uniqueness of the West Java traditional house is a kumureb boat that has a shape like an inverted triangle. The unique model owned by the shape of the house can be used front and back side at once. Because it has four main parts, this residence is very multi-functional according to the needs of the owner of the house.
Imah togog dog has a two-layer roof with a triangular shape and has a foot foundation. While imah jolopong is the most widely found house when you visit the Sunda area. Because it is quite modern, jolopong is the only residence whose foundation is directly integrated with tanah.
Characteristics of Each Sundanese Cultural Residence Design
Each dwelling must have certain characteristics and philosophies when creating a detailed building structure. The uniqueness of this West Java traditional house must be known in detail as a tradition of ancestral relics. So, at least the form of occupancy must be understood the purpose and purpose before starting to be built based on its philosophy.
Closely related to its name, the heuay rhinoceros means that it evaporates as a form of whole. On the front side of the roof, you will see the shape of the rhinoceros as a philosophy from the ancestors. The existence of a philosophy like this will illustrate that sundanese people are very friendly to their guests.
Imah julang ngapak has the characteristic that its inhabitants have a wise nature in solving all things. Especially in the matter of life, the owner of the house seems to have the ability as a mediator of a thing. The stage shape in its design is also the philosophy that humans live between the earth and the sky.
After knowing the traditional house of West Java is some kind of name namanya, at least there is a kumureb boat. According to philosophy, the residence was formed with the design of a ship that was upside down on its roof. Because it has an elongated triangular shape, this house is often considered unique and adapted to the community.
Discussing about imah jolopong, of course, has an open nature to receive guests to hold various meetings. Then for the type of dog togog, the shape that resembles a sitting dog describes a simplicity. Because the shape is simple, dog togog imah is often combined with a minimalist residential design of modern style.
History of Ancestral Relics Related to Sundanese Architecture
Discussing about the existence of various forms of residential houses in the West Java area is interesting. The reason is, the type of house is very diverse and has its own meaning to be inhabited by a family. Ancient architecture must have a preference to be applied in order to be able to become a comfortable residence.
When understanding that the traditional house of West Java is composed of several different names, it certainly invites curiosity. Residential models from the past have high historical value because they are able to become a tradition. Each type of house has a very strong meaning in the value of people’s lives every day.
Many roles and functions of the residence depend on the type, so it can be adjusted to the needs of the residents. The relics of the ancestors in the past are still closely related to the customs of the ancient kingdom. When the government was still in power, the shape of the house was still uniform and almost the same as every resident.
If you look in detail, the average foundation does not touch the ground and given feet every corner. The main purpose of the design is to protect the inhabitants from the attack of beasts. Of course, this kind of thing has a valuable history around how to think in culture and customs.
Over time, the tradition of living like this must remain sustainable and not to disappear. The majority of modern society is trying to adapt custom home designs to the new style of the current model. That way, the existence of the most complete West Java traditional house must remain sustainable at any time.